HOLY LAND - PLACES OF INTEREST IN JORDAN



Amman, 2500 feet above sea level, is the capital of Jordan and the center of economic activity in the country. Amman, ancient Philadelphia, has very fine Greek, Roman and Arab monuments, among them is the Citadel which also houses the National Museum and the Roman theatre which has been re-constructed and has a seating capacity of 5000 spectators.  
  
Jerusalem, 90 kilometers west of Amman, is the spiritual capital of Jordan and its main tourist center. Jerusalem has innu­merable places and sites, and the following are the most important: 
  
THE CHURCH OF THE HOLY SEPULCHRE is the holiest church in Christendom, erected upon the traditional site of JESUS crucifixion, burial and resurrection. THE DOME OF THE ROCK is the holy place of the Moslems in the Holy City, built by the Ommayyad Caliph Abdul Malik lbn Marwan in the 7th century and is one of the most beautiful structures in the world. THE GROTTO OF GETHSEMANE and THE CHURCH OF ALL NATIONS are one of the loveliest spots in Jerusalem. The church, consecrated in 1924, marks the site of Christ’s prayer and agony on the night of His betrayal and arrest. THE VIA DOLOROSA marks the sad route that JESUS trod carrying His cross, and the scenes enacted on the way are fixed in 14 stations. AL-AQSA MOSQUE, in Al Haram Esh-Sharif compound, was built by Walid son of Abdul Malik Ibn Marwan, and its underground structures are known as Solomon’s Stables. THE PALESTINE ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM, the gift of john D. Rockefeller Jr. (1927), is one of the finest archaeological museums.    
Bethlehem, 17 kilometers south of Jerusalem, is the birthplace of Christ. The Church of the Nativity, which commemorates the spot of the birth of Jesus, dates back to the time of the Emperor Justinian (A. D. 527— 565). The Shepherds Fields are near by. 

Petra, 288 kilometers south of Amman, is the unique and incomparably beautiful City carved by the Nabataeans, an Arab tribe, out of hard rock around the 5th century B.C. The Siq, Al Khazneh (the Treasury) and the Monastery are amongst its noted sites.  
  
Jerash, 56 kilometers north of Amman, is one of the finest and best-preserved examples in existence of a provincial Roman city.  
  
Hebren, 44 kilometers south of Jerusalem, is one of the oldest towns in the world. Al-Ibrahimi Mosque encloses the tombs of Abraham, his wife Sarah, Isaac, Jacob, Leah and Rebecca. 
  
Jericho, 853 feet below sea level and 38 kilometers north-east of Jerusalem, is the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world. The Mount of Temptation, Elisha´s Fountain and the Hisham Palace are amongst the places, which may be seen in Jericho; and near by is the Dead Sea, the River Jordan and Khirbet Qumran, where the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered.  
  
Madaba, 32 kilometers south of Amman, is originally a Moabite town where the visitor may see the map of the Holy Land in mosaic which dates back to the 6th century A.D. Not far from Madaba is Mount Nebo. 
  
Nablus, 66 kilometers north of Jerusalem, encloses Mount Garizim, the holy mountain of the Samaritans, together with Jacob’s Well where Jesus met the Samaritan woman.

Umm Qais, 150 kilometers north of Amman, is ancient Gadara, an important town f the Decapolis. The remains of three theatres, a temple and a street of columns may be seen.  
  
  
FRONTIER FORMALITIES
  
Passports and Visas: Nationals of all countries (except Israel and members of the Jewish faith) are permitted entry into Jordan provided they hold a valid passport with an entry visa. 
Ordinary Entrance Visa is granted to non-tourists at the Jordanian Consulates abroad. Fees are based on a reciprocal basis. 
  
Tourist Visa is granted to bona fide tourists at the Jordanian Consulates abroad (fee: JD.1.000, good for two journeys within a period of 6 months) or at the Jordanian entry ports (fee: JD. 1 .000, good for two journeys within a period of 3 months) provided they come via neighboring Arab countries and hold a certificate of church membership.  
  
Note: Nationals of Albania, Bulgaria, Communist China, Cze­choslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Rumania, Russia, and North Viet Nam must apply for visas to Jordanian representatives abroad.  
  
Exit Visas are not necessary in Jordan. 
  
A Collective Visa is granted on prior notification to special status groups. 
  
A Gratis Visa is granted to bearers of diplomatic and special passports and to groups of 10 persons and above spending a week or more in Jordan. If the stay is Iess than a week, the visa fee is collected on departure. 
  
Visitors Without Nationality or of Undetermined Nation­ality must be in possession of a return visa to their country of domicile or any country prepared to admit them.  
  
Travei Beiween Jordan And “Israel”: OnIy a one way crossing between Jordan and “Israel” is permitted.   
Visitors coming to Jordan via ‘‘Israel” will be allowed entry provided there is no valid Israeli visa affixed to their passports and provided they submit a certificate of church membership. These visitors must leave the country either via the neighboring Arab countries or direct from the Jordanian airports. Re-entry into “Israel” from Jordan is not permitted. Likewise, tourists crossing over from Jordan into “Israel” may not re-enter the country and must make their departure from “Israel”.

For further information consult your Travel Agent, or 
JORDAN TOURISM AUTHRITY, 
P. O. Box 224, Amman, or 
P. O. Box 174, Jerusalem, 
The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. 
COMPLI MENTARY COPY 
Printed lo Jordan by 
The Jordan Army Prego, Amman.


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